I have a few thoughts on this, but this is a placeholder until I get time to write them up
- WM Air: https://www.birmingham.ac.uk/schools/gees/research/projects/wm-air/index.aspx
- Solihull School Streets pilot: http://www.solihull.gov.uk/Resident/Parking-travel-roads/road-safety/Solihull-School-Streets-Pilot/School-Streets
- Skips Clean Air Cops: http://www.skipseducational.org/clean-air-cops/
The follow up to the inaugural Birmingham began with delivering the first of the previous meeting’s asks, that representatives from Transport for West Midlands be represented. And they were, in the form of Hannah Dayan, the cycling charter co-ordinator and Deborah Fox, head of demand management for Transport for West Midlands. Sadly councillors Olly Armstrong and Liz Clements had been called away to an emergency meeting (unsurprisingly given the week’s news), but had asked that the session focus on action, as they recognised that similar meetings have existed in the past and wanted to avoid having the same conversations on repeat, and instead enact some change.
Hannah Dayan started the evening with a whistle-stop history of the West Midlands Combined Authority and Transport for West Midlands, looking at its values and determination to strive to be better every day. She talked about her role within the cycling and walking development team, a relatively small team within Transport for West Midlands, but determined to do some good for active travel in the area. She admitted there were some concerns about cycling and walking being linked together in this way, but that they were careful not to dilute the two and understood the importance of working with groups.
One group highlighted as having a real impact and enthusiasm was the cycling charter steering group, which works with lots of partners including Canal and River Trust, sustrans etc. Hannah also talked about the need to be more fluid and engaged with lots of groups, and when questioned about how Birmingham compared to Manchester, admitted that Birmingham has a lot of catching up to do because of its history, compared to Manchester’s existing network, and (predecessor to TfWM) Centro’s previous focus on public transport. But Hannah believes that by staying hopeful and looking at new initiatives which show the value of what they’re asking for, that there is real chance, particularly as organisations are looking at more innovative and collaborative ways to fund new schemes. David Cox, Cycling UK’s retired chair of trustees, pointed out that Manchester having previously focussed on Oxford Road was now working on the comprehensive and co-produced walking and cycling Bee Lines project, using the same pot of money that the West Midlands Combined Authority had chosen to spend on the tram. And that whilst there are some improvements in Birmingham, other areas of the WMCA are not faring so well, with the Black Country having poor provision for cyclist and Coventry’s decision to remove bus lanes signals going backwards in terms of space for cyclists.
Cyclist Ian Wacogne talked about a recent meeting with the WMCA Mayor’s chief of staff, Andrew Browning, in which they talked about funding for transport, and that money for the tram had been pre-committed to. Ian admitted that whilst it is an expensive endeavour it is not something that he would want to see stopped, but instead he believed that the second tranche of transport funding ought to be top-sliced for cycling. It is through asking for what we as a green travel, and specifically cyclist community, and keeping the mayor to account that Ian believes we will see some improvements, and questioned the links and influence Transport for West Midlands has over organisations working with a wellbeing remit. Hannah mentioned that they are in talks with some organisations looking at housing and regeneration, but that as a small team there is only so many ways they can reach out to people. But they are try and they do get there. She also impressed upon the group the need to respond to consultations, something her team does, and of particular importance of women and families, as cycling in particular is seen to be a male-dominated arena and they need to show a wider societal impact.
Politics came up again as a question with co-founder of Impact Hub, the venue for the Green Travel Open Project Night, Immy Kaur asking about the countdown to the second election of the WMCA mayor and whether as a community, we are influential enough to have real impact, or whether it needs to be bigger, and more diverse. David Cox mentioned a hustings for the previous election organised by a cycling group which saw one of the larger attendances and that the 5000 people who signed the Protect Brum Cyclists petition showed that as a group there is a way to make an impact, particularly as the mayor joined the slow ride which accompanied handing in the petition. Hannah commented that whilst the numbers of people cycling to work are relatively small, media perception is what politicians see and that there needs to be more positivity around this, particularly by widening it out and showing the impact of liveable cities and on mental health.
Before moving on to Deborah Fox’s session, the final question was about the age-old problem of collaboration amongst the WMCA area, with another comparison to Manchester, which seems more tight knit than efforts in the West Midlands. The answer to this is complicated, and many agreed that by rotating the meetings it would be unlikely that people would regularly attend if they were having to go to other cities within the area, but that other areas are having meetings and there is a need to develop a plan which is co-productive.
And with that it was over to Deborah Fox, head of demand management for Transport for West Midlands. Deborah started her talk exploring her perceptions of starting a role in Birmingham and being confronted with the very real issue of congestion in the city, and how even four months on she can still takes the congestion. Recognising that a lot has gone into the plan around congestion, particularly with all the large-scale building works in the city, Deborah said that she knew the people in the room got it, but with congestion causing a significant amount of nitrogen dioxide, it’s about convincing the people out there in their cars to understand the problems. This is particularly important as the higher levels of congestion makes bus travel less attractive and pushes more people into cars, but Deborah believed there is a real opportunity with younger people who are used to using public transport.
And with all that talk it was time for action, with the group being tasked to think about issues and solutions for model residents in the WMCA area to use more green travel. Whilst the audience were split into several groups, there were a lot of common themes, particularly around awareness to pollution and whether it’s something that needs to be talked about more, and if schools could teach about air quality. The hope was that by educating school children it might encourage them to hold their parents to account, particularly around modes of transport to school but also around things like dangerous driving. There was also a lot of talk about trying to rebalance things so that it was made harder to drive and easier to walk, cycle or use public transport and some small initiatives like zig-zag lines on either side of school roads might be one option to consider. Deborah particularly commented on the idea of flexible working, which she thought was an interesting idea and wondered how many employers offered this and if this is something which could be encouraged.
To finish it was a look to the future, with 2019 looking like a great year for green travel in Birmingham. A number of strategies are due to be released, including the Clean Air Strategy, which will go beyond compliance, the Local Cycling & Walking Infrastructure Plan and the Birmingham Bus Survey. There are also a number of green travel related summits planned, including the Living Streets’ National Walking Summit, the first time it will be held outside of London. And of course the Birmingham Green Travel Open Project Night will be organised for a third session – date and time to be released shortly.
Climate change, traffic congestion and poor air quality have all been hot topics in the media, particularly in Birmingham where the Council’s announcement of a Clean Air Zone has brought some heated opinions from residents. London Sustainability Exchange (LSx), who have been working with residents in some of East Birmingham’s wards, arranged a question and answer session for Birmingham residents to pose questions to academics, councillors and campaigners.
Opening the evening, Alice Vodden from London Sustainability Exchange gave some background to how the evening came about; working with residents of Birmingham’s Sparkbrook and Ward End, particularly looking at poor air quality around high servies areas, they realised that a co-ordinated collection action would create more change. Realising that the residents they worked with grasped the problems, but also had a lot of questions, LSx convened a group of panellists who each have an interest in air quality in Birmingham. Each speaker was given a few minutes to talk about the subject, with the rest of the time offered up to questions from the floor.
The first person to talk was Dr Zongbo Shi, Senior Lecturer in Atmospheric Biogeochemistry at the University of Birmingham. Dr Shi talked about what exactly is air pollution and why a blue sky is not necessarily a clean sky, despite what people might think. By studying the data it was clear to see that whilst Birmingham might not have the dangerously high levels of particle matter in the air that cities like Dehli have, air quality pollutants are fairly consistent in causing problems even at lower levels, so Birmingham needs to act – particularly at roadsides where it is a bigger problems than in urban backgrounds.
Dr Shi pointed out that a few percent of GDP is lost to air pollution, giving examples of people who become sick and then cannot work because of respiratory illness. He and his team are working on WM Air, the West Midlands Air Quality Improvement Programme, which supports improvements to air quality in the area and the knock on benefits to health and education.
Next up was Councillor Waseem Zaffar, Cabinet Member for Transport & Environment at the Birmingham City Council who talked about the brave and bold leadership Birmingham showed by introducing Clean Air Zone class D, which means all vehicles (Buses, coaches, taxis, PHVs, HGVs LGVs and cars) but motorbikes are included within the remit. This is the toughest of the Clean Air Zones on offer but Councillor Zaffar pointed out that even this wasn’t enough, and that the council weren’t interested in merely being legally compliant, but that this would be the jumping off point, as good air quality is important to future generations and to reduce health inequalities within the city, especially as the Clean Air Zone encompasses some of the poorer communities with the city. He was also careful to point out that the council are aware these communities will be impacted by the creation of the Clean Air Zone and that they have requested additional funds from central government to support these groups, and small businesses within the zone.
Sue Huyton from the British Lung Foundation was the third panelist and she spoke about the unsafe levels of air pollution around hospitals and GP surgeries, both nationally, but also in Birmingham, where three hospitals are in areas that are unsafe and 41% of GP surgeries in areas which exceed the safe levels for air pollution, higher than the national average. Sue praised the national leadership shown by Birmingham City Council class D, but would want to see WHO recommendations for better air quality included in the Environment Bill, believing the answer to clean air lies in legislating for it.
Stirchley resident Sandra Green joined the Clean Air Parents’ Network because she wanted to engage with how air pollution affected children. Through the network she’s met with a number of interesting people, but talked about a sobering meeting with someone from UNICEF who she always thought of as working on child issues around the country, but found out that they have a campaign around UK children’s right to clean air. Sandra believed that the way to change attitudes is through hearts and minds, and that things like the reusable cup example show it is possible, especially if we get people to think of air quality in the same way.
The final speaker of the evening was Chris Crean from Friends of the Earth West Midlands. Chris expressed thanks to the organisers for arranging the evening, Birmingham City Council for persevering, even when faced with criticism from within their own party, but that the biggest thanks should go to Client Earth who have successfully taken the UK government to court three times over air pollution in the country. Recognising reports which talked about having only 12 years to act on climate change, Chris talked about the need to change how we live so that we have a sustainable economy, but also that we leave a tolerable planet for future generations to live on, and that this can’t simply be things like cleaner and green cars but less cars on the road. He also spoke about the concerns government is only interested in compliance, rather than challenging further and whether they will put their money where their mouth is by supporting local councils to make the necessary changes.
Whilst Chris praised the leadership of the council for implementing the Clean Air Zone, he did also point out a number of inconsistencies including plans to widen the Dudley Rd to more traffic and the chaos over changes to buses in south Birmingham, and what this says to residents and businesses within the Clean Air Zone. Councillor Zaffar agreed this was a fair point and that the council needs to reprioritise the road space, make a walkable city centre and connect the new cycle-ways to existing paths. Chris ended his talk suggesting that the city is not an island and that it needs to work with others in the conurbation, by sharing ideas like Solihull School Streets campaign [a pilot project which aims to address such issues by limiting traffic in the streets surrounding schools at key times, creating a predominantly car free zone] and working together to make a real impact.
And with the talks done it was over to questions. As usual, several questions weren’t actually questions but more comments, offering to install pilot air filters which have been successful in India, calls to extend the Skips Clean Air Cops from primary into secondary schools, and whether contact information for people in the room could be shared.
Questions about investment were asked, with Councillor Zaffar replying that a London-centric government does not fund transport fairly, and that the area has a long way to go in terms of charging points for electric vehicles and pushing for public transport not to move to the compliant Euro VI emissions but rely on hydrogen and electric vehicle fleets instead. Questions around the joined up thinking around cycling were also raised, with Councillor Zaffar explaining how Manchester and the West Midlands authorities had spent transport money (WMCA spent it on the metro), and how Birmingham still needed to invest more but hopes that different ways of working, like the partnership with the Canals and River Trust, would be of use.
Gavin Passmore from sustainable transport charity Sustrans asked about how receptive schools had been to the ideas around reducing parents driving to school and it was a mixed response, with Sandra Green saying teachers are keen and are thinking of innovative ways to implement it into the curriculum through things like maths and physical educations, whereas Sue Huyton pointed out that some schools are initially hostile due to concerns about how it would negatively impact the school, but that going in on a reducing carbon footprint was a more positive spin on a similar topic.
Public transport was something that came up in both the panelist and audience questions, with one audience member posing the question as to whether Birmingham could take inspiration from numerous other cities around the world and introduce free public transport. Councillor Zaffar said this was a great aspiration, and that there is certainly a need to make public transport cheaper, but that whilst the West Midlands Combined Authority Major has the right to franchise public transport, this isn’t something he seems to be looking at. But that Birmingham City Council are trying to make changes where they can by introducing bus lanes and gates which prioritise buses on the roads.
The last question of the evening was around the response to the consultation for the Clean Air Zone, which has been controversial within Birmingham. The audience member pointed out that two thirds of responses were negative, and how do we change this and get people to see what the issues are. Sue pointed at the work Client Earth had done around their Poisoned Playground campaign, as well as the British Lung Foundation’s website, which used data to show the impact on areas. She recognised the limits of the data, but said that this data has given vocal parents the ammunition to accelerate things and put pressure on bringing about change. And finally Councillor Zaffar called for a bottom up approach which saw young people as vital to encourage parents to enact change.
It is not often you can say you got to go cycling with one of Great Britain’s most successful Olympic athletes of all time!
As part of Lets Ride, a fun, free, family-friendly cycling festival, which saw several key roads closed for most of the day, sponsors HSBC asked people what cycling meant to them. It was a quick Facebook post and I didn’t think much of it until I got a notification asking me to email – low and behold I’d only gone and won!
Winning meant I got to bring a plus one along and my first thought was my cycling buddy Rich who is responsible for making me cycle far further than I thought I could. We also managed to wangle an invite for his daughter, and co-incidentally enough, when I went to meet them all three of us were wearing some sort of pink cycling attire…like a very odd band.
Given the early start on a Sunday, I cycling into town to meet up with Rich and Lizzie, on what turned out to be a gloriously sunny day – the weather could not have been nicer. Though I did not have enough sun cream meant I was a little pinker than I’d have liked by the end of the day, by my cycling stripes on my arms are coming along nicely.
We headed off to Browns for a breakfast event where we heard speeches from British Cycling CEO Julie Harrington, Chris from HSBC – who are moving their UK HQ to Birmingham as soon as the building is finished, and then the main man himself, Sir Chris Hoy. Once speeches had finished, it was time to collect our things and head off. What I didn’t realise was it meant that we would be at the start of the line to celebrate the opening of the event. We did a lap round the course, which took in Calthorpe Park, a good chunk pf the Pershore Road – up to the cricket ground and several side roads in the city centre. Afterwards we posed for some photos and I managed to get Sir Chris to do a quick video to Immy, who couldn’t be at the event but is one of the people who inspires me to cycle more. I loved that my good fortune meant I could use it to say thank you to people who really deserve it.
I have cycled down the Pershore Road one when it was open, on a Bank Holiday Monday and it was quite clear that I was fast than I’d ever usually cycle. Despite being quieter than normal, being on a main arterial road was stressful and for the most part the car drivers were kind to me. Cycling around Belgrave Middleway, which I’ve watched brave cyclists do from the comfort of the bus, was even more terrifying and I’m not sure I have the guts to do it regularly. But being able to cycle around it where the only other traffic was fellow cyclists was bliss, the sort of simple joy that makes your heart happy. I did three loops in the end, stopping for an ice cream whilst watching some physics-defying mountain bike acrobatics.
Afterwards, pink, sweaty and my soul nourished, I headed over to Impact Hub for some of the talks they were hosting as part of the Design Festival. Mind, Body and Soul…it was one of those rare days when all three were happily contented.
This was my award-winning entry…
What do I like about cycling? In the year, since I took up cycling I have fallen hopelessly for it. I’ve had some health problems over that time and I don’t ‘look’ like a typical cyclist, but cycling has given me a freedom and peace of mind that I didn’t possible. When I’m overwhelmed, getting out on my bike gives me time to clear my head and regain some focus. It’s taught me to love where I live and explore further. It’s allowed me to find an active way to travel to work which sets my day but so much better than an energy-draining wait in congestion-heavy traffic. It’s helped me re-connect with old friends, and make new ones. It’s helped build my self-worth and stopped me being so hard on myself, because I did it – I got up that hill, I cycled further than I thought I could. What do I like about cycling? What don’t I like about cycling might be an easier question to answer!
I’d planned to go on a longer cycle today, up to Waseley Hills to try that bloody hill and then off to Earlswood for some cake. Instead, I slept for ten hours and realised I should probably listen to what my body has been trying to tell me all week and figured a bit of a relaxing day was in order.
So I decided to go to the cinema…but then I realised that to get there on time by best option was to cycle. So I did.
The journey itself is a cut short version of the one I do into work, so something I’m really familiar with and only about four miles. Whilst usually I wear cycling gear, I went for a half and half approach this time with a base layer and jersey with rolled up jeans (they kept catching so I stopped and rolled them up), and my helmet and gloves. Much as I admire the people that can look all casual cycling along on their bikes, I just get sweaty, even on journeys I’ve done loads of times before.
I chained my bike up outside, which made me a bit nervous as it’s the first time I’ve left it anywhere that isn’t at work, home or somewhere I can see it. But there were a few other bikes there, and I was chaining mine up whilst someone else was so that made me feel a bit less anxious. I checked on it between films and all was fine.
Getting home was a bit problematic as Birmingham city centre seems set up to dissuade cyclists – from the Market which has made New Street impassable, to the ‘cyclists please dismount’ sign along the path through the Paradise Birmingham and Centenary Square developments, and the cyclist dismount sign onto Corporation street and accessing New Street Station. On a plus side, once I’d gotten my bike to the station a very helpful guard offered up a suggestion on where to take my bike so I could get it on the train home.
Whilst I missed getting out on the bike for a few hours, and enjoying the autumnal sunshine (although still pretty chilly), I think a short cycle and an afternoon in the cinema was the right call.
For every time a motorist tries to tell me all cyclists go through red lights…
Although I just took this photo on my way to work to show the cyclist waiting, I’ve realised it’s quite a nice photo of some nice sustainable methods of transport – walking, cycling and public transport.